Nearsightedness and Refractive Errors

Apple Ophthalmology treats refractive errors. These are among the most common vision problems, affecting millions of people worldwide. They occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina, leading to blurred vision. The primary types of refractive errors are myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. Here's a closer look at each:

1. Myopia (Nearsightedness)

2. Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

3. Astigmatism

4. Presbyopia

Diagnosis and Management

Diagnosis of refractive errors typically involves a comprehensive eye examination, including vision testing using an eye chart, and measurements to determine the appropriate corrective lens prescription. Regular eye exams are crucial, as the eyes can change over time, necessitating adjustments in vision correction solutions.

Management of refractive errors largely depends on the individual's lifestyle, preferences, and the severity of their condition. Many people choose eyeglasses or contact lenses for their convenience and non-invasive nature, while others opt for surgical options for a more permanent correction.