Diabetes Eye Health

Apple Ophthalmology cares for patients with diabetes and diabetic eye disease. Diabetes can have a significant impact on eye health, leading to a range of conditions collectively known as diabetic eye disease. This group includes diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma. Managing blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol is crucial in preventing or delaying the onset of these conditions. Regular eye exams are essential for early detection and treatment, which can prevent vision loss. Here's an overview of the diabetic eye conditions:

1. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in adults. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. There are two stages:

2. Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

DME is a complication of diabetic retinopathy that occurs when fluid builds up on the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp, straight-ahead vision. This swelling can lead to vision loss.

3. Cataracts

Diabetes increases the risk of developing cataracts, a condition characterized by the clouding of the eye's lens. People with diabetes tend to develop cataracts at a younger age and see their cataracts progress faster than individuals without diabetes.

4. Glaucoma

The risk of glaucoma is nearly double in people with diabetes compared to those without. Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds up in the eye, damaging the optic nerve and leading to vision loss.

Prevention and Management

Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease can prevent significant vision loss. If you have diabetes, it's essential to communicate regularly with your healthcare provider about the best ways to manage your condition and maintain your eye health.